Landing Page Optimization: Find Heaven
By Saving Your Visitors From Hell

Aaron Orendorff
Aaron Orendorff
Aaron Orendorff

Call me on my blasphemy, but landing page optimization is akin to God’s work when it comes to PPC.

Writing landing pages can be a heavenly thing.

But tragically, the aftermath of getting them wrong… is anything but.

After all, landing pages are the hinge of your online marketing.

They exist for a single reason: to get your reader to act.

Immediately Intimate Intent

Unlike so much online copywriting, landing pages are intimate and immediate. You don’t have to worry about editorial guidelines, page rank, or SEO nonsense like keyword count, alt-image tags, or backlinks. The people on your landing page are there for a reason.

They’ve come with intent. Intent you’ve paid for.

And that means you just get to write. Right?

Sort of…

Unfortunately, few things are more crushing than pouring yourself into a landing page, mustering all your creative, intellectual, and persuasive power… only to have the whole thing flop.

The pain of watching traffic flow in — especially paid traffic — and converting even at the industry average of 2.70% isn’t just costly… it’s embarrassing.

Just How Embarrassing IS a Landing Page That Doesn’t Convert?

Thanks for asking, because I’ve been there. Three years ago, I wrote my first landing page for a supplement company. I didn’t know much about the industry itself, so I dug into the research and built a page I was proud of.

Then, a month after it went live, I got the call:

“Aaron, we had to take the page down.”


“Because the original out performed yours by 258%.”

Talk about hell. They came to me with a 2.9% conversion rate. And what I gave them clocked in at 0.81%.


Thankfully, there’s hope. I had to learn the hard way… but you don’t.

You see, landing pages aren’t blog posts. They aren’t white papers. They aren’t product description pages. And they aren’t case studies. If you try to treat them like they are … well, you know what happens.

So What ARE Landing Pages?

At their core, landing pages that convert speak directly to real people with real problems in search of real solutions.

And people are people. This means that the rock-bottom, non-negotiable, absolutely essential elements to every high-converting landing page are the same.

The internet didn’t invent them. And you don’t need to either.

Instead of going it alone and starting from scratch, what you need is a plan: a proven checklist based on data, real-world examples, and actionable insights to deliver you from the hell of low-converting landing pages.

And the key to finding heaven… is to drag your reader through hell.

That’s exactly what this post contains: how to nail the six on-page elements of every great landing page… along with number seven — the most overlooked off-page ingredient.

1) The Goal: Yours…Not Theirs

2) Calls to Action: Salvation… Not Sales

3) The Headline: Stolen… Not Created

4) Subheads: Seductive… Not Structural

5) The Body: Their Words… Not Yours

6) Proof: Snipers… Not Shotguns

7) Follow-Ups: Custom… Not Canned

This guide is intensive — more than 7,000 words and 93 real-world examples and formulas — but that doesn’t mean it needs to be complicated.

1) The Goal: Yours … Not Theirs

Let’s get one thing straight. Everything else in this guide is going to revolve around one principle, but it here it is again:

A landing page that converts speaks to real people with real problems in search of real solutions.

In other words, landing pages are about them… not you.

Except here.

The starting point for your landing page is about you.

And it centers around a single, all-consuming question: “What is your goal… the one, smallest, easiest thing you want your reader to do?”

This is the only step you get to be self-centered on. So enjoy it.

Choosing A Landing Page Goal

How do you decide what your goal should be?

First, don’t follow the crowd. Marketing mastermind Frank Kern says “get [their] email first.” And plenty of other experts echo that advice.

The reason to prioritize email is clear. Studies show that e-mail is vastly more effective for acquiring customers than Facebook and Twitter combined.


However, in the face of such well-meaning names and numbers, resist the temptation to adopt pat answers. Your goal shouldn’t be prescribed. Instead, it should grow out of the kind of relationship you want your reader to have with your offer.

Your goal should be the simplest, smallest, least-work-for-them step they could possibly take in the direction of becoming a customer.

This means what you want your readers to do can take many forms. The best way to do this is to complete the following sentence:

I want my reader to…

  • Join my email list.
  • Follow me on Twitter.
  • Preview my app.
  • Like my Facebook page.
  • Schedule a demo.
  • Watch my video.
  • Give me their phone number.
  • Get a quote.
  • Access my report.
  • Arrange a consultation.
  • Redeem a coupon.
  • Sign up for a webinar.
  • Download my ebook.

The possibilities are endless. But you can’t be.

You Only Get One

Above all, burn this into your brain: you only get one!

When it comes to your goal, singularity is paramount.


Because your goal will be the guiding principle of everything else you write: the judge, the jury, and yes, even the executioner.

Start with your ultimate goal… and then work backward.

Everything you create — and everything you ultimately keep — must propel your reader toward that one thing.

If anything else sneaks into your landing page copy… murder it.

Landing Page Goal Examples

E-file’s landing page for the keywords “online taxes free” has one goal: to get their visitor to “Start.”

In other words, to get them to enter the process of — ding, ding — filing their “Taxes Online for FREE.”

This means that the same button appears over and over again, surrounded by the terms I used to discover the page in the first place.


E-file’s landing page has just one, repeated goal: “Start Now.” – image source

Clicking any of the “Start” buttons funnels you directly to their “Create an Account” page. And just in case you missed the big idea — i.e., what they want you to do — the exit-intent pop-up hits you over the head with it one last time:

copy for landing page

E-file’s sign up page also contains that one goal and their exit popup reinforces it.

I’ll say more about keywords, headlines, CTAs, and consistency below. For now, the important thing to take note of is how all-consuming E-file’s goal is.


And E-file isn’t alone. The clipping, capturing, and cloud-storage tool memit also follows suit.

Memit’s goal is to get visitors to sign up for the app. And while their page contains multiple buttons with various directives, they all lead to the same end:

landing page text

All of their CTAs revolve around a single goal.


Neil Patel’s QuickSprout does this too. You have just one option, front and center, to log in with your Google account and start the “Make Better Content” process.

good landing page example

Quick Sprout’s one goal is to “Login with Google” – image source

Likewise, all the buttons on Neil’s personal site — including his exit intent — guide the visitor down just one path to sign up for a webinar:

great landing page example

Neil Patel’s personal site has one goal: to sign up for a webinar.


CrazyEgg? Yep, just one.

landing page copywriting

Crazyegg’s one goal is to get their visitors to experience a heatmap for themselves.


As an agency, KlientBoost practices what we preach. For Arena’s “Optimize Your Product’s Development Process” landing page, there’s only one option, which appears twice on the page: “Send Me My Custom Demo.”

landing page copy best practices

Arena’s goal is repeated twice, above and below the fold.

In fact, nearly all of the other examples you’ll see in this guide are firmly built on the exact same starting point.

Your goal. For your need. To your end.

The one thing you want most MUST be the foundation of everything else.

2) The Call to Action: Salvation… Not Sales

Alright, enough about you.

Landing pages may start with what you want, but — and this an enormous, internet-breaking “but” — they all end with what your reader wants.

Countless split tests prove that just by swapping out generic, impersonal lingo for trigger words like “You” and “My” (both referring to the reader) can boost conversions.

That’s because driving action — getting your visitor to do the thing you want them to do — isn’t about your products, your services, your guide, your demo, your emails, your webinar, your consultation, nor even your sale.

It’s about them.

More to the point, it’s about their problems.

In a word: fear.

Fear is the most dominant human emotion. According to Daniel Goleman, who wrote the book on Emotional Intelligence:

“Fear, in evolution [and neurology], has a special prominence: perhaps more than any other emotion it is crucial for survival.”

The truth is, fear motivates more powerfully, more persuasively, and more physiologically than any other emotion.

This means that crafting your CTA — along with the rest of your landing page copy — isn’t about sales… it’s about salvation.

Conversion in the purest sense of the word.

To start thinking theologically, put yourself in your reader’s shoes and ask yourself two questions:

  1. What hell will clicking this button save me from?
  2. What heaven will it deliver me unto?

Your audience — that is, your single, well-researched target market — wants to convert. As the great Jay Abraham put it, “People are silently begging to be led.”

How do you package salvation within a CTA?

In perhaps the greatest CTA-button formula of all time, Joanna Wiebe makes applying these universal principles simple. Put yourself in your reader’s shoes and finish this one sentence:

I want…

Whatever completes that sentences is your CTA.

Moreover, as Joanna explains:

Never introduce work in your CTA copy. So if you’re writing a newsletter that leads to a landing page where the user will have to sign in to watch a video, don’t write a CTA in the newsletter that goes, “Sign in to watch the video.” That’s introducing work.

It doesn’t matter that, in fact, they will have to sign in to watch the video; all that matters is what the end user wants. What do they want? To watch the video. So test CTA copy that reads something like “Watch The Video” (and then add a few words about the value of doing so).

All of these insights demand radical empathy. In Ramit Sethi’s words, “When you can truly deeply understand people, even in fact better than they understand themselves, then your sales skyrocket.”

That’s all great… but what exactly do radically empathic, salvation-promising CTAs look like?

Call To Action Examples

Let’s start with an example that, at first, appears to be far from theological:

landing page copy examples

Pandora’s heaven is an invitation to experience “the music you love.” – image source

Don’t be misled by the CTA’s seeming banality. Words like “personalized” and “the music you love” speak directly to the heaven Pandora’s visitors crave. And the CTA offers them an instant slice of that heaven for themselves.

Cranking up the emotional tone just a bit, Piktochart leans on the hell of how difficult it is to create compelling infographics with both their headline and subhead.

landing page copy template

Piktochart’s CTA revolves around the heaven of “easy-to-use” and offers the visitor a free version to try out.

Then the CTAs throughout the page invite the visitor to dive into their specific need immediately:

landing page copywriting course

Further down Pikochart’s landing page, the CTA includes each of the graphical types.


Alternatively, Happify starts with the hell of worry and waste, and then turns the corner to the heaven of starting “My Journey.”

This is especially compelling for students of happiness who’ve been exposed to the psychology of progress — that true happiness comes not from the destination but (you guessed it) the journey:

landing page copy writing

Happify’s CTA leans on the heaven of happiness as a “Journey.”


Slack’s heaven is a messaging app that makes “your working life simpler, more pleasant, and more productive.” And their CTA button invites you to experience it firsthand:

landing page copy tips

Slack’s CTA calls visitors to “Create a new team” and leverages the heaven of simplicity, pleasantry, and productivity.

Dressipi (Joanna Wiebe)

Naturally, Joanna Wiebe has her own stellar example.

Instead of a generic “Sign Up Now,” her copy for promises deliverance from the hell of ill-fitting clothes — “Big bum? Thick waist? Not-so-perky boobs… ?” — and her CTA offers the heaven of “Show Me Outfits I’ll Love”:

landing page copywriting help

Instead of “Sign up,”’s CTA is all about discovering “Outfits I’ll love”

As Joanna explains, “from ‘Sign up now’ to ‘Show me outfits I’ll love’… we got a 123.9% lift in clicks.”

Bottom line: your call-to-action must be about your visitor… not you.

This means getting theological and using the formula in one of two ways:

1) I want… to be saved from THIS hell.

2) I want… to be delivered unto THIS heaven.

Once you shift out of sales and into “salvation” mode, your new “converts” shouldn’t be far behind.

3) The Headline: Stolen… Not Created

Headlines are as necessary to landing pages as water is to life.


But don’t let this fact intimidate you.

Even more to the point, don’t go into the headline writing process alone, armed only with your ingenuity, creativity, and well-meaning desire to connect.

Instead, steal it.

Writing headlines is no time to be starting from scratch. This is the big leagues and there are tested headline blueprints that will bring you the success you deserve.

Before we dig into those formulas, however, you have to steal something else: your audience’s keywords. Those keywords will be the basis for all of the formulas you test.

Why Keywords?

Because the majority of your landing page traffic will come through keyword-targeted PPC ads.

Including those same keywords in your headline is nonnegotiable. After all, these are the words your audience has already committed to. These are the words they’re using and searching for.

For example, when I was running a PPC campaign for an elementary-level Spanish language curriculum, we discovered that our target audience didn’t want generalities on the developer’s approach or success rates on learning retention.

What they wanted, plain and simple, were free samples.

And not bogus free samples either. Free samples of the real curriculum they could print and try out.

Back To Heaven And Hell

Going back to our salvation metaphor, the hell they wanted to be delivered from was getting snippets of curriculum, buying the whole thing, and then discovering that the full curriculum didn’t measure up.

The heaven they wanted was to get an entire, one-hour lesson with everything they needed to test drive it for themselves… in their actual classroom.

Ironically, the ads and landing pages I inherited didn’t contain any of those keywords. Instead, they were packed with generic copy about what the curriculum contained. Not surprisingly, the result were dismal:

copy for landing page

Don’t go generic.

So instead of the generic ads, we built custom ads targeted at the search terms they were after:

great landing page copy

Compare the generic ads to the keyword specific ads, and notice the 6,127% CTR increase that simple change produced.


From the lowest — 0.11% — to the highest — 6.85% — that simple change produced a 6,127% increase in click throughs.

What’s more, we then created a landing page that matched those same keywords in the headline:

good landing page copy

This landing page’s headline is built on the same keywords from the PPC ad that brought visitors to it.

Be Consistent

From the ad to the headline to the body copy, consistency matters. Consistency matters so much that the very first question in Oli Gardner’s massive 50-Point Checklist For Creating The Ultimate Landing Page is: Does your landing page headline match the message on your ads?

After you’ve settled on your keywords, your next step is framing them in the headline itself.

Four Resources For Creating Headlines

  1. Jon Morrow’s 52 Headline Hacks from Boost Blog Traffic
  2. Kevan Lee’s 30+ Ultimate Headline Formulas for Tweets, Posts, Articles, and Emails from Buffer
  3. Brian Clark’s 10 Sure-Fire Headline Formulas That Work from Copyblogger
  4. Henneke’s 47 Headline Examples: Steal These Nifty Formulas from Enchanting Marketing

While I regularly go back to these resources, unfortunately, they’re far more focused on article headlines than landing page headlines.

They’re phenomenal creative starting points, but we can do better.

I mentioned before that the internet didn’t invent landing pages. The formulas for effective, high-converting headlines have existed for generations.

John Caples, in the early 20th century classic Tested Advertising Methods, lists the rules for writing headlines: “First and foremost, try to get self-interest into every headline you write.”

Two other tips that stand out are:

  1. If you have news, such as a new product, or a new use for an old product, be sure to get that news into your headline in a big way.
  2. Long headlines that say something are more effective than short headlines that say nothing.

Refining The Headline Formula

Those are phenomenal guiding principles, but we can get even more formulaic.

That’s precisely what Caples did with his “Thirty-Five Proven Formulas for Writing Headlines and Direct Mail Teasers.”

Here’s the first-word cheat sheet I use to get the ball rolling:

  • “Introducing”
  • “Announcing”
  • “New”
  • “How To”
  • “Why”
  • “Which”
  • “Who Else”
  • “Wanted”
  • “This”
  • “Because”
  • “If”
  • “Advice”

Armed with your own keywords and John’s cheat sheet, finding the perfect headline is about quantity… and testing. Jeff Bullas, channeling another pre-internet icon, drives this home:

David Ogilvy was famous for having written over 100 headlines for one advertisement.

You have to crap out 25 headlines for every piece of content.

To “crap out” those 25 headlines, here are 25 fill-in-the-blank formulas focused directly on the driving principles of heaven and hell. Let’s use KlientBoost’s affiliate program landing page as our test case for each one:

perfect landing page copy

Pretty neat, huh?

(1) Hell

Stop [hell]… by [offer]!

Stop [Throwing Away Money on PPC Referrals]… by [Grabbing Your Partnership Guide]!

The only thing keeping you in [hell]… but with [offer] you can [heaven].

The only thing keeping you [from making money off your clients’ PPC is a lame affiliate program]… but with [our Partnership Guide] you can [get 10% of every referral’s total monthly PPC budget. (And you don’t even have to close the deal yourself!)]

You hate [hell]… but we love it. So let us [heaven].

You hate [PPC management (and so do your clients)]… but we love it. So let us [do it for you. (We’ll even pay you every month!)]

For [audience] struggling with [hell], we build [offer].

For [copywriters] struggling with [their client’s PPC results], we built [a Partner Program that pays you every month… and we’ll even close the deal].

[Hell] sucks… that’s why we build [offer] to [heaven].

[Optimizing PPC] sucks… that’s why we built [our Referral Program] to [wow your clients and get you paid].

(2) Heaven

Discover [heaven]… just by [offer]!

Discover [how to get paid for you client’s PPC spend]… just by [downloading our Partnership Guide]!

Want [heaven] without [hell]?

Want [to get paid for jaw-dropping PPC results] without [having to actually manage your clients’ accounts]?

You love [heaven] … but you hate [hell]!

You love [getting killer PPC results]… but you hate [selling, closing, and managing PPC]!

Get [heaven]… just like [client]!

Get [paid $1,500 every month for one PPC referral]… just like [Alan Li from Lyft]!

Without this [offer] you’ll never [heaven]… even if you [hell].

Without this [PPC Partner Program] you’ll never [get paid for your client’s PPC spend] even if [your referral to another PPC agency pays off for them].

(3) Competition

Stop Struggling with [competitor] by [offer].

Stop Struggling with [WordStream’s Affiliate Program] by [Connecting with One that Does the Work for You]

[Competitor] Has [feature]… but Doesn’t [heaven]

[WordStream] Has [an Affiliate Program]… but Doesn’t [Optimize or Manage Your Client’s PPC for You]

The one thing [competitor] can’t do is [heaven]… and that’s why you’re [hell]

The one thing [WordStream’s affiliate program] can’t do is [run your client’s PPC for you]… and that’s why you’re [stuck with all the heavy lifting!]

[Competitor] promised [heaven]… but instead you got [hell]

[WordStream’s Affiliate Program] promised [to deliver results]… but instead, you got [just another PPC tool]

We love [competitor] too… except that it [hell]

We love [WordStream] too… except that [their Affiliate Program Doesn’t Pay You for Letting Them Deliver Amazing Results]

(4) Intrigue

[Client] discovered the secret to [heaven]… and we can do the same for you.

[Lyft’s Alan Li] discovered the secret to [making $1,500 per month from a single PPC referral]… and we can do the same for you.

The [pop-culture] guide to [heaven] and/or escaping [hell]

How to Find the Right PPC Partner: The Taylor Swift Guide for Unlucky Lovers

How to Find the Right PPC Partner: The George Clooney Guide to Settling Down, Being Happy… and Getting Paid

The [counter-intuitive principle] to [heaven] and/or escaping [hell]

The [Give-Away-Your-Client’s-PPC-Accounts Secret] to [Still Getting Paid Every Month]

9 out 10 [specific data] won’t/can’t/don’t/ever [heaven]

9 out of 10 PPC Agencies Won’t [Pay You a Dime for Your Referrals. Our Partnership Program Pays You Every Month!]

How to [heaven] … Even if You [hell]

How to [Get Paid for Your Client’s PPC Campaigns]… Even If You [Don’t Want to Run Them Yourself]

(5) Value

The only [offer] made for [audience] who hate [hell]

The only [PPC Partner Program] made for [copywriters] who hate [running PPC]

Finally… an [offer] for [audience] that [heaven]

Finally… a [PPC Partner Program] for [Copywriters] that [Pays You 10% of Your Client’s TOTAL Monthly Spend without You Lifting a Finger]

Our [offer] made/saved [client] $X… but/and you can have it for $Y

Our [Partner Program] Makes [Lyft’s Alan Li $1,500 Every Month]… And You Can Get Started for Free

Start Getting [heaven] Today by [offer]

Start Getting [10% of Your Client’s PPC Spend] Today by [Downloading our Partner Program Guide]

Give us [small cost]… and we’ll give you [heaven]

Give us [one PPC referral]… and we’ll give you [10% of everything they spend]

4) The Subheads: Seductive… Not Structural

How many times have you read a landing page from top to bottom, start to finish… every single word?

Better yet, how many times have you done that with any piece of online content?

If you’re like the rest of the internet… rarely. Which is why subheads were invented.

Human beings are “scanners.” We don’t dissect copy, we peruse.

Long before web copy existed, subheads were saving sales.

When Claude Hopkins wrote My Life in Advertising and Scientific Advertising in 1923 and proclaimed “nobody reads a whole newspaper,” this was already a known fact. But the internet and mobile browsing have taken scanning to a whole new level.

This means that your subheads need to flow from your headline and be able to stand alone.

BoostBlogTraffic’s The Ultimate Guide to Writing Irresistible Subheads put it perfectly:

The name sub (under) head (headline) literally means a headline under the main headline.

And what do headlines do?

They hook, they entertain, they shock, and, above all, they create curiosity. They pull readers further into your epic content so they stay with you long enough to realize that it is, in fact, stellar writing.

What the headline does for the post, the subhead does for each individual subsection of copy.

While the initial temptation with subheads will be to use them to structure your landing page — to serve as a kind of big-picture road map whose primary job is to direct and organize — resist that temptation.

That works okay for blog posts — like this one — but it won’t for landing pages.

Instead of focusing on structural subheads, make your subheads seductive: snackable, bite-sized morsels of “I want more” copy.

What’s In A Seductive Subhead?

First, balance. Each of your subheads should be roughly equal in length.

Second, direct. Each of your subheads should speak directly to your audience.

Third, benefits. Each of your subheads should embody either your page’s heaven or its hell.

Brian Kurtz’s 21,000-plus-word landing page for his Titans of Direct Response Conference DVDs is a masterpiece of subheads.

Clocking in at roughly 88 full pages of text, the subheads are built for skimming. After all, they better be. What’s more, each one propels the reader through a journey toward the ultimate heaven of becoming a titan themselves.

effective landing page copy

Kurtz’s first round of subheads all focus on the ultimate benefit of success in direct marketing.

Once the big picture payoff stage is set, Kurtz uses subheads to speak to the reader directly:

examples of great landing page copy

Later on, Kurtz’s subheads turn their attention directly onto the reader themselves.

Perhaps the most powerful insight — especially if you dig through all 21,000-plus words — is that none of the subheads are about the features of the DVDs. Literally, there’s not one explanation of how many discs you’ll get, their recorded quality, or even their running time.

Instead, every single subhead is about the benefits, from top to bottom. I reached out to Brian to ask about both the insane length of his page and the results:

This letter, in its original form when it sold the conference, sold out the room … over 350 of the best marketers on the planet attended.

Then we created versions of the original letter for the DVD’s, other physical and digital products and additional live events.

Total sales for the initial event followed by the DVD/digital programs, residual products and subsequent events has topped $2 million.

And Now, Some Less Intimidating Examples

Just in case a 21,000-word beast seems daunting, take a look at Mint’s landing page. They follow the same rules but use far less real estate.

best landing page copy advice

Mint’s subheads revolve the benefits of the product, rather than the features.

Again, the subheads are aimed directly at the benefits. First, being delivered from the hell of complex online finance. Second, being delivered to the heaven that is Mint — your financial life, in one easy-to-understand place.

“Simple and Free To Set Up”

“Stay Up-To-Date As It Happens”

“Custom Tips And Savings”

Mint’s landing page shows that subheads don’t have to be fancy if you use curiosity, personality, and direct appeal the right way. But they do have to be focused and clear.

At the risk of being shamelessly self-promotional (again), KlientBoost’s own subheads also include these same three ingredients.

great example of copy for landing page

KlientBoost’s subheads include all three of the snackable ingredients that make for delicious subheads.

First, they’re balanced. Each subhead follows the same syntactical pattern and even contains the exact same number of syllables.

Second, they’re direct. Each of the subheads speaks to its reader by starting with the word “You.”

Third, they’re about benefits — money, talent, and growth.

Without reading the entire page, the most basic-yet-convincing message is delivered.

That’s the true beauty of subheads. They’re bite-size hooks scattered all through your landing page meant to appeal to humans who have no time but a lot of curiosity and self-interest.

5) The Body: Their Words… Not Yours.

When it comes to body copy, the one thing everybody wants to know is, “Should it be short… or long?”

That’s the wrong question.

There are outliers on both ends of the length spectrum. The right question is, “What does my audience need to believe?” Which takes us back to where we started: real people with real problems in search of real solutions.

And the only reliable way to speak to your audience’s needs is to steal from them. To unearth, mine, polish, and regurgitate their own words.

If you don’t have a wealth of in-house data, however — qualitative data, not quantitative — most of us get stuck.

So, where do you find their words?

User-generated content.

User-generated content can take many forms, including:

  • Blog Comments
  • YouTube
  • Amazon Reviews
  • Social Media
  • Forum Sites
  • Customer FAQs
  • Qualitative Surveys
  • Email Responses

This is what’s known as review mining: digging into your customer’s own feedback and comments. Start with sites like Facebook, Twitter, Yelp, Amazon, Reddit, app stores, blog comments, and (especially) your own on-page questionnaires. You can also use email surveys and person-to-person interviews to find the statements you need.

The key, however, is to get inside the mind of potential customers by eavesdropping.

This applies to positive comments, but the real gold is found in negatives. If your comments reflect a distaste for something, address that in your copy (or update your product).

Body Copy In Action: Car Seats

Let’s get practical about review mining by using a common example: car-seat shopping.

Your goal is to create a repository of user-generated comments to help shape a landing page that offers parents a car-seat buyer’s guide, but the same process works for whatever you happen to be selling.

Search as if you’re a customer.

First, we’ll check Amazon by digging into a product that’s rich with reviews.

good text for landing page

Start mining reviews by identifying products in your niche with a wealth of feedback.

Select two of the “Top Customer Reviews” that are positive: a four-star and a five-star work great.

create good copy

Dig into a handful of those reviews looking at both the positive and negative comments.

lp copy

Don’t just pull insights from one review, be sure to mine a variety.

Notice the “What I Like” and “What It Lacks” sections. Jot down verbatim quotes under each in a Pros versus Cons spreadsheet (see below).

After the positive reviews, grab two negative reviews. Avoid one-star ratings as those tend to be outliers: angry, disgruntled folks who don’t represent your average consumer. Instead, stick to the two-star reviews marked “helpful”:

great lp copy

Negative reviews with two stars are far more insightful than positive reviews or negative, one-star reviews.

Again, add verbatim quotes directly to your Pros and Cons spreadsheet.

Social Media

Next, we’ll do a similar search on social media.

Facebook holds a treasure trove of honest feedback, especially when it comes to getting inside your consumer’s head.

lp copywriting

Social media comments give you unvarnished, honest feedback.

Take note when customers are repeatedly mentioning a specific feature. In our car seat example, numerous comments were made on personal Facebook pages that cast a strongly negative opinion of the alert tone feature. This means your landing page copy must address that deficiency.

good lp copywriting

When mining social media, be on the lookout for annoying product deficiencies, or features your audience considers unnecessary.

Based on those user-generated comments, your end result should look something like this:

good copywriting examples

Separate the pros and cons.

Armed with actual comments, here’s how to put them together in a sample landing page that offers parents a car-seat buying guide.


The Safe & Easy Car Seat Buyer’s Guide

How to Find the Right Car Seat at the Right Price… Without Paying for Extras You Don’t Need

Forget about all the complicated extras and annoying bells and whistles.

You want a car seat that’s reliable, reasonably priced, and tested to ensure your child’s safety.

And you don’t want to skimp on comfort.

The problem is… not all car seats are created equal.

In fact, did you know?

  • Approved weight ranges (5-40 lbs) don’t always come with enough padding for infants.
  • Little things like cup holders aren’t just weak… sometimes they’re designed so poorly that your child can’t even reach them.
  • Rear-facing car seats and bucket seats don’t always fit… and they’re often incredibly unsafe.

And most infuriating…

“Made in the USA” doesn’t always mean Made in the USA.

Don’t get stuck with a car seat you have to wrestle into place. (Cut thumbs, anyone?)

Even worse, don’t get stuck with a car seat your kids will fight over to avoid.

[CTA Button]
Download our free Safe & Easy Car Seat Buyer’s Guide

Find out exactly which car seats…

  • Accommodate infants all the way through toddlers.
  • Adjust easily and install in seconds.
  • Fit in your car, especially when you have more than one seat in the back.
  • Stay cool even in the hot sun.
  • Accommodate infants all the way through toddlers.

[CTA Button]

Grab your Safe & Easy Car Seat Buyer’s Guide today!


Body Copy Isn’t About Your Offer

Remember. It’s about them, not you.

Landing pages are about the life your readers lead, the results they desire, the questions they ask. Their joys. Their pains.

Another approach you can use — especially when it comes to addressing objections — is to put words in your customer’s mouth.

That’s what Marlon Sanders’ landing page for Book of Secrets does:

landing page copywriting tricks

Marlon heads off objections by stating them in his visitor’s own words and then responding – image source

Here’s another example of that strategy from I Will Teach You to be Rich:

copywriting for a landing page

IWTYBR uses real customer questions and objections to craft a dialogue on their landing page – image source

Marlon and Ramit’s body copy share one important trait. They both use direct quotes from real customer objections or doubts.

And this leads us directly into our last on-page element: the proof.

6) The Proof: Snipers … Not Shotguns

You’ve heard the saying before, “People buy with their hearts. They justify with their heads.”

Naturally, this means your landing page should major on issues of the heart. That’s why we’ve spent so much time digging through your visitors’ fears, dreams, words, objections, desires, and salvation.

But this doesn’t mean you can ignore the head.

And what the head wants is proof. Rock-solid, it’s-been-done-before, here’s-the-numbers proof.

Proof on landing pages comes down to one thing: testimonials.

Sadly, most testimonials suck at the very job they’ve been created to perform.

They’re not relevant. They’re not detailed. They don’t include product or service specific statements. And they’re not problem-solution focused.

Not-So-Great Examples

Here’re are three examples from big-name sites that go from lame to just plain horrible:

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PayPal’s testimonial is too vague to be effective – image source

bad copywriting

PaySimple’s testimonial doesn’t include specific benefits or data – image source

bad copy

Cisco’s testimonial is cut off before the reader gets a sense of why the product makes “economical sense” – image source

On the surface, those testimonials look fine. But each lacks real specificity.

  • What is it about the “payment options” that makes not using PayPal so unimaginable?
  • How does PaySimple eliminate “worry”?
  • And for Cisco, the reader doesn’t even get to the meat of the testimonial before hitting a “Read More” roadblock.

If you’re going to make claims on your landing page, use testimonials to prove them. If you’re going to make promises, use specific details to support them.

A Better Example

Take Hootsuite, for example.

good copywriting

Hootsuite’s testimonial connect specific product features to real-world benefits – image source

What makes Hootsuite’s testimonial connect?

First, the “world’s top brands” using Hootsuite are prominently displayed. Big names build trust and gather crowds.

Second, the testimonial explains what the product does — “an essential tool for managing social networks” — and supports that with specific benefits — “efficiently track conversations and measure campaign results.”

Third, the author of the testimonial is one that the reader will recognize immediately, both their brand and their role.

However, there’s still something missing: data.

Good Examples

When Zendesk chose a testimonial to showcase — and they have over 60,000 companies to request testimonials from — they selected an equally big name and title: the Director of Revenue Operations at Shopify.


While numbers lead off Zendesk’s testimonial, the testimonial itself still doesn’t provide concrete data.

While the 60,000+ number is a good start, the testimonial itself — just like the ones before it — still lacks results in the form of numbers.

Similarly, Linode jumps in by demonstrating the size of their existing customer base. And yet, while the testimonials are packed with glowing remarks, neither of them offer actual proof.

good copy for landing page

Linode’s testimonials come from real people, but lack data to back up their claims – image source

In contrast, take YouEye’s testimonial and see if you can spot the difference:

copywriting for landing page

YouEye’s testimonial is both from a major source and it contains real numbers to illustrate its effectiveness – image source

They not only lead their testimonial with a big brand and recognizable job title, but they also include real numbers.

Conversion Rate Experts nails this one-two pattern — name plus numbers — with a cascade of examples that all include the crowning glory of truly effective testimonials: data-backed proof.


Nice conversion rate increase – image source

copywriting tips for landing page

Nice revenue increase – image source

good copywriting for landing page

All of CRE’s testimonial blend solutions with data – image source

Notice also that each one of the above testimonials contains a play button. One of the most relevant ways to present a testimonial is with a video.

More Good Examples

On their homepage, GetResponse starts with data, adds a recognizable face and name, and then links to an even more in-depth endorsement on a customer-centric landing page.

copywriting tips for conversion

You can start with the data on your homepage.

good copywriting

GetResponses opens with a pull quote and then let’s visitors dig deeper into Neil’s testimonial through video – image source

Not only does Neil Patel resonate with GetResponse’s audience, but his credentials are noteworthy even if you’re not familiar with him.

What else is great?

  • Comparison statements resonate: “I’ve used Aweber, Marketo, Pardot, and quite a few other marketing automation solutions and the one that won me over — out of all of them actually — is Getresponse.”
  • Specific details back up Neil’s reasoning: “when I tested deliverability rates … GetResponse won.”
  • Lastly, Neil highlights GetResponse’s features by sharing his personal favorite: “They have this calendar feature, in which, if you’re not a technical person (like me) you can pick what emails you want to go out on what day. It’s a drag and drop functionality, they have easy to use templates, the emails are compatible for both web and mobile …”.

This level of relevance and detail is exactly what I mean by “snipers… not shotguns.”

Most testimonials take a generalist tone, firing off vague “these-people-are-great” buckshot. What you want is to zero in on your target with a clear, data-backed, “they solved this specific problem and outclassed these specific competitors because” statement.

The Real Question: Why Do So Many Testimonials Suck?

The honest truth is that you don’t get the testimonial you deserve. You get the testimonial you ask for.

It’s on you — not your customer — to craft a killer testimonial.

Here’s exactly what I send out for generating testimonials not only for myself but my clients:


Hi <Name>,

<One to two relevant sentences about the relationship or your biggest win.>

Do you have 10 minutes to put together a testimonial?

Here’s a 1, 2, 3 format that’ll make it SUPER easy:

1. Start with the problem.

What problem(s) brought you to [product or service]?

2. Describe the solution.

What did we accomplish together? New products, new features, new methods, lifts, increases, boosts, new ideas, saved time, etc? (DATA please.)

3. End on a personal note.

Were we easy to work with, consistent, insightful, creative, data-based, and solution-oriented? Did we deliver on time? Were we trustworthy and an asset?

Lastly, what is the ONE THING you’d want people to know about [product or service]?


Proof-based testimonials make specific claims with specific numbers from specific people who had specific problems and found a specific solution.

7) The Follow-Up: Custom… Not Canned

So far, we’ve dug through every on-page copy element of a high-converting landing page.

However, you can’t stop there.

The last thing you have to ask yourself is, “What comes next?”

The follow-up is crucial. And yet many people simply ignore it, slap something together like a “here’s your free download” email, or just let their email provider toss out a default “click here to confirm” message.

This is conversion death.

Follow Up Master Class: Ramit Sethi

Ramit Sethi’s I Will Teach You to be Rich follow-up goes a different direction.

After opting into his email list, the first screen you’ll be redirected to isn’t a traditional, “Thanks for signing up. Be sure to confirm your email address” page. Instead, you’re guided — by the digital hand — where Ramit wants you to go next:

copywriting hacks for conversions

IWTYTBR’s follow up doesn’t leave anything to chance – image source

This confirmation page does two amazing things. First, it adds urgency by including a countdown clock. Providing the reader with a countdown to gated content or a limited-time offer is a psychological trick you can — and should — use too. Scarcity inspires action.

Second, clicking the “Confirm My Email” button takes you directly to your Inbox complete with an automatic search result for exactly what Ramit wants you looking for: “ RESPONSE REQUIRED:”

conversion tricks

See “Response Required” in the subject title?

The Follow-Up To The Follow-Up

Inside is this email:

copywriting for conversions help

Ramit’s next step leads his reader where he wants them to go, his follow up is conversational and includes scarcity and urgency.

Far from being a default “Click here to confirm” email, Ramit’s smacks of personality. As before, there’s a countdown clock as well as a P.S. message that’s focused on urgency and scarcity:

“Don’t wait. 80% of people who confirm do so in the first 5 minutes — and the rest never see my best material.”

Then — as if Ramit’s follow-up process wasn’t action-packed enough — when you confirm your email address, you’re taken to a Welcome page with access to the promised material and a final CTA: “Help spread the word by re-tweeting the tweet below”:

landing page copywriting

Ramit’s last step in the follow-up process includes a final CTA prompting readers to share.

Your follow-up process doesn’t have to be quite so involved, but it does have to be personal and direct.

Make It Personal

Sujan Patel’s insanely personal follow up even intrigued Oli Garner — the man who’s “seen more landing pages than anyone on the planet” — enough to engage.

As Oli admitted on an Unbounce podcast:

Two days ago I downloaded an ebook by Sujan Patel. … And that’s when the trickery began because I got an email, an automated email, that was so well crafted that I thought it was real.

He made it sound like he recognized me.

So I responded.

And then I was like, “Mother [expletive]!” I looked at it again and realized, “He didn’t write this to me. He put it as an autoresponder.”

As a model for your own follow ups, here’s that thread:

copywriting that converts

Sujan’s follow-up e-mail is simple, stripped down, conversational, and incredibly effective at engaging even the most skeptical reader.

Of course, tricking someone into writing back is neat. But do these conversational follow-ups produce results?


Let’s look at the numbers.

For reference, Sujan’s site has three basic offers:

  1. “Subscribe” to the Blog
  2. “Preview” the eBook
  3. “Buy” the eBook
  4. “Subscribe” to the Blog

You’ve already seen how simple the preview-the-ebook follow up is. Sujan’s autoresponder to blog subscriptions is equally stripped down:

conversion optimization

Sujan’s other follow-up emails are equally stripped down, but no less effective at getting results.

The numbers, however, are anything but stripped. As Sujan told me:

First, of the people who subscribe to the blog, 6.6% click on a link to one of my two software products — or — or on one of my two books. And 39% of those clicks eventually convert into either a product trial or a book purchase.

Second, of those who preview my ebook, 12% purchase the full book and an additional 3% start a trial of either or

Third, of the people who buy my eBook, 1.9% end up buying the other book and another 15% start a trial of or

That can sound like a complex process, but bear in mind that these are all the results from a single, stripped down, incredibly personal follow-up delivered after someone accepts one of the three initial offers.

Ask A Question

You can also dramatically impact engagement by building your first email around a question. Here’s a welcome email example from Groove, a help-desk software service provider, that generated a 41% response rate.

bump conversion rates with copywriting

Groove asks a simple question to keep their new lead engaged – image source

Scott Stratten’s Unmarketing follow up uses the same response-generating format:

email marketing

Likewise, Unmarketing invites readers to write back directly by asking them just one question.

Throw In A Freebie

If you operate more in the realm of eCommerce, give new subscribers a special offer or a freebie. Just be sure to limit their access to a specific timeframe.


For ecommerce follow up, include incentive that tied to urgency and scarcity – image source

The follow up is no time to get sloppy. This is a privilege and an opportunity to connect deeply and build a foundation for a long-lasting customer relationship.

HubSpot knows this and regularly use their initial follow-up email — which only requires a name and email address — to dig deeper and nurture their leads by asking for more information.

copywriting for landing pages

Hubspot uses their follow up to deep their relationship to new leads and gather additional information.

Whatever tactic you adopt as your follow up, the guiding principle should be to make it custom, not canned.

Landing Page Hell… and Landing Page Heaven

Few things are more disheartening than pouring yourself into a landing page — mustering all your creative, intellectual, and persuasive force — only to have the whole thing flop.

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Remember, landing pages that convert speak directly to real people with real problems in search of real solutions.

This means landing pages are about salvation, not sales.

They offer an escape from hell… and the hope of heaven.

Thankfully, you don’t have to go into the landing page copywriting process alone.

There are legitimate, proven formulas to writing your next landing page. These methods for convincing and converting aren’t new by any means. The internet didn’t invent them. And you don’t need to either.

So the next time you’re facing down the barrel of a blank page and the hell of performance anxiety is creeping up your spine, remember the seven crucial elements of every high-converting landing page:

1) The Goal: Yours… Not Theirs

2) Call to Action: Salvation… Not Sales

3) Headline: Stolen… Not Created

4) Subheads: Seductive… Not Structural

5) The Body: Their Words… Not Yours

6) The Proof: Snipers… Not Shotguns

7) Follow-Ups: Custom… Not Canned

Stand Out From The Crowd

Of course, these are only seven guiding principles to help lead you down the path to success. True success in landing page optimization comes from your ability to stand out from the crowd.

So, don’t be afraid to be bold, be different, and be unique — as long as you keep your users at the heart of your strategies, you should be destined for salvation.